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《美国新闻与世界报道》近日公布了2005年度美国高校排名,耶鲁大学名列第三。以下是耶鲁大学研究生院对personal statement的写作要求和摘要。本文首先告诉你要提前准备,至少需要一个月的时间(a minimum of one month)准备你的各种申请材料,最好将你的申请过程记录下来,而且最好提前寄材料。

在申请过程中有5个重要因素要考虑。第一就是Personal statement.在这份文件中,你需要表明你的准备、动机和目标(preparation, motivation, and goals)文件内容包括以下方面:北京,为何需要申请这个学位,它与你的职业计划有何关系。为何现在,为何你选择这所学校或者学院(一定要具体),你认为这个教育能够将你带往何方?.其它资料包括GPA、成绩单、推荐信。

全文内容如下:http://www.yale.edu/career/students/gradprof/gradapply.html

Gather Application Materials

While on-line applications are becoming more common, most graduate schools still require you to apply directly to them in hard copy. Assembling all of the materials required to support your application takes time and organization. Allow a minimum of one month just to assemble the materials you will need -- some graduate schools receive in excess of 100,000 applications annually, managed by a graduate admissions office. These offices require plenty of notice if you are to receive the necessary forms in time. Keep a written record of each aspect of the application process you need to complete for every school to which you apply, paying special attention to deadlines. Whenever possible, send your materials in well ahead of any deadlines. Early decisions and rolling admissions policies are commonplace, even if not stated.


Elements of an Application

There are five major elements considered in an application:
Personal Statement -- This is critically important. You must articulate your preparation, motivation, and goals. The prime aspects to cover are:

Your background preparation
Why you want to pursue this particular degree and how it fits into your career plans
Why now
Why you have selected this particular institution (be specific!)
Where you see this taking you in the long term

Grade Point Average -- Obviously, this needs to be as high as possible. If you have had a particular problem which has impacted your grades, you may wish to make brief reference in your statement. If you do so, explain the matter- do not whine!

Transcript -- Institutions want to know how good your preparation in the field is and that you have taken a variety of challenging courses and not "the easy way out." Most schools require official transcripts -- those sent directly from the registrar (i.e., NOT the academic record which your residential dean can provide). Make your requests early!

References -- You will need between three and five academic references- people who can write about your skills as a student. In certain cases, you may include an employer or supervisor if you have had work experience in a directly related field.

Standardized Test Scores -- Again, you want to do as well as possible. Most schools require some form of standardized test -- check each department's requirements as these vary greatly. This element produces more anxiety among students than any other aspect of the process. The aid to success here is PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE! A variety of study guides (both books and software) containing old tests are available in most bookstores and on-line. Remember, however, that it is the total package of information that is being reviewed, not one element. Take standardized tests seriously and prepare thoroughly, but make sure the other elements in your application package receive equal attention -- especially your personal statement.

TIP -- Get your materials in EARLY. Make copies of everything.

Your faculty, DUS, dean, health professions advisor, and the counselors in UCS are all here to help you with every step of the process. Take advantage of them! In particular, make sure they read your personal statement and give you constructive feedback -- it is hard to overemphasize the importance of a well-crafted statement.

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