How can you admit a failure and still offer an answer that strengthens your application? Of course, showing what you learned and how you recovered is absolutely essential, but many people don't realize the importance of discussing a real, substantive failure.如何承认错误同时表达自己优势呢，谈及自己的教训至关重要。
Applicants believe that the slightest hint of weakness will ruin their chances. In reality, admissions committees know that you have flaws, even if you don't disclose them. You're better off being candid for the following reasons:虽然谈及失败似乎影响申请，但是也有如何好处。
Your readers will appreciate your honesty, and this perception will affect their opinion of your other answers.
You show a stronger self-awareness when you can identify real mistakes. 自醒
Only by engaging with a substantive failure can you offer meaningful insights into the lessons you learned.
Instead of being forthright, most applicants will either choose a topic that hardly qualifies as a failure, or they will write something generic or irrelevant to avoid admitting any substantive flaws. As an example that suffers from both problems, an applicant might describe a situation in which extenuating circumstances caused the failed outcome. The problem with this approach is that it leaves no room for self-examination and offers no insight into the applicant's character. 可以选择哪些不应该算是失败的事情。
So how do you choose a topic that is substantive but won't make you look too bad? First, avoid any failure that reveals irreversible faults. In other words, it should be a mistake that results from inexperience and therefore can be addressed for future scenarios. For example, you don't want your conclusion to be that you are simply a poor leader or communicator. On the other hand, you could admit that as a leader you have pushed people too hard, because that's a specific point upon which you can improve. 应该谈及由于经验不足导致的错误。
Second, aim to find a failure that results from a good quality. For example, perhaps you failed because you're too independent and have difficulty delegating responsibilities to other people. Again, be careful that your topic leads to self-examination even if it's based on a typically positive quality.
Once you have a topic, you still have to reflect insightfully on it.
The best way to avoid generic, obvious lessons is to demonstrate what
you learned through action. Show how you acted differently in a subsequent,
similar scenario. If you can only derive abstract insights, aim as always
for complexity rather than relying on prepackaged ideas. "The importance
of hard work" is simply no longer interesting, whereas "the
limits of hard work in a mutually dependent relationship" can be.